Dragino mini JPとLMICライブラリでSleepさせながらの間欠動作

Dragino mini JPはCPUにATmega328Pを使っていてArduino UNOと互換性を持っています。
Dragino mini JPをLoRaWAN端末として使う場合 LMICライブラリを使いますが
Dragino mini JP と LMICライブラリの組み合わせで Sleepさせながらの間欠動作の実験を行いました。

先ずは、こちらのページから
Lightweight low power library for Arduino
をダウンロードして Arduino IDE に追加してください。

元々次の送信時間を設定していた行、125行目をコメントアウトして

//          os_setTimedCallback(&sendjob, os_getTime()+sec2osticks(TX_INTERVAL), do_send);

以下の4行を追加してください。

            for (int i=0; i<SLEEP_MIN; i++) {
              // Use library from https://github.com/rocketscream/Low-Power
                LowPower.powerDown(SLEEP_8S, ADC_OFF, BOD_OFF);
            }
           do_send(&sendjob);

なお [SLEEP_MIN]はスリープさせたい時間を LowPower.powerDown()関数の第一引数に与えた時間で割った値となります。
これはSleep時間に設定できるのが最大8秒なので、それ以上Sleepさせたいときはこのように何回もSleepを繰り返させます。

今回の例では SLEEP_MIN を 37 としていますので
スリープ時間は 8s × 37 = 296s(約5分) となります。

時間設定は
(a) SLEEP_15MS – 15 ms sleep
(b) SLEEP_30MS – 30 ms sleep
(c) SLEEP_60MS – 60 ms sleep
(d) SLEEP_120MS – 120 ms sleep
(e) SLEEP_250MS – 250 ms sleep
(f) SLEEP_500MS – 500 ms sleep
(g) SLEEP_1S – 1 s sleep
(h) SLEEP_2S – 2 s sleep
(i) SLEEP_4S – 4 s sleep
(j) SLEEP_8S – 8 s sleep
(k) SLEEP_FOREVER – WDT以外での起動
これらの値が選択できます。

これで LMICライブラリを使った Dragino mini JP の間欠動作を行うことが出来ます。
ただしArduinoをSleepさせているだけで LoRaチップを低消費電力化しているわけではありません。

/*******************************************************************************
 * Copyright (c) 2015 Thomas Telkamp and Matthijs Kooijman
 *
 * Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to anyone
 * obtaining a copy of this document and accompanying files,
 * to do whatever they want with them without any restriction,
 * including, but not limited to, copying, modification and redistribution.
 * NO WARRANTY OF ANY KIND IS PROVIDED.
 *H
 * This example sends a valid LoRaWAN packet with payload "Hello,
 * world!", using frequency and encryption settings matching those of
 * the (early prototype version of) The Things Network.
 *
 * Note: LoRaWAN per sub-band duty-cycle limitation is enforced (1% in g1,
 *  0.1% in g2).
 *
 * Change DEVADDR to a unique address!
 * See http://thethingsnetwork.org/wiki/AddressSpace
 *
 * Do not forget to define the radio type correctly in config.h.
 *
 *******************************************************************************/
 
#include <lmic.h>
#include <hal/hal.h>
#include <SPI.h>
#include <LowPower.h>
 
#define SLEEP_MIN 37
 
// LoRaWAN NwkSKey, network session key
// This is the default Semtech key, which is used by the prototype TTN
// network initially.
//ttn
static const PROGMEM u1_t NWKSKEY[16] = { 0xBE, 0xC4, 0x99, 0xC6, 0x9E, 0x9C, 0x93, 0x9E, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0xFF, 0x03 };
// LoRaWAN AppSKey, application session key
// This is the default Semtech key, which is used by the prototype TTN
// network initially.
//ttn
static const u1_t PROGMEM APPSKEY[16] = { 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00 };
// LoRaWAN end-device address (DevAddr)
// See http://thethingsnetwork.org/wiki/AddressSpace
//ttn
static const u4_t DEVADDR = 0x76FFFF03;
 
 
// These callbacks are only used in over-the-air activation, so they are
// left empty here (we cannot leave them out completely unless
// DISABLE_JOIN is set in config.h, otherwise the linker will complain).
void os_getArtEui (u1_t* buf) { }
void os_getDevEui (u1_t* buf) { }
void os_getDevKey (u1_t* buf) { }
 
static uint8_t mydata[16] = "               ";
static osjob_t initjob,sendjob,blinkjob;
static int send_counter = 0;
 
// Schedule TX every this many seconds (might become longer due to duty
// cycle limitations).
const unsigned TX_INTERVAL = 1*60;  // 1分
 
// Pin mapping
const lmic_pinmap lmic_pins = {
    .nss = 10,
    .rxtx = LMIC_UNUSED_PIN,
    .rst = 9,
    .dio = {2, 6, 7},
};
void do_send(osjob_t* j){
    // Check if there is not a current TX/RX job running
    if (LMIC.opmode & OP_TXRXPEND) {
        Serial.println("OP_TXRXPEND, not sending");
    } else {
        send_counter++;
        sprintf(mydata,"%06d",send_counter);
        // Prepare upstream data transmission at the next possible time.
        LMIC_setTxData2(1, mydata, sizeof(mydata)-1, 0);
        Serial.println("Packet queued");
        Serial.println(LMIC.freq);
    }
    // Next TX is scheduled after TX_COMPLETE event.
}
 
void onEvent (ev_t ev) {
    Serial.print(os_getTime());
    Serial.print(": ");
    Serial.println(ev);
    switch(ev) {
        case EV_SCAN_TIMEOUT:
            Serial.println("EV_SCAN_TIMEOUT");
            break;
        case EV_BEACON_FOUND:
            Serial.println("EV_BEACON_FOUND");
            break;
        case EV_BEACON_MISSED:
            Serial.println("EV_BEACON_MISSED");
            break;
        case EV_BEACON_TRACKED:
            Serial.println("EV_BEACON_TRACKED");
            break;
        case EV_JOINING:
            Serial.println("EV_JOINING");
            break;
        case EV_JOINED:
            Serial.println("EV_JOINED");
            break;
        case EV_RFU1:
            Serial.println("EV_RFU1");
            break;
        case EV_JOIN_FAILED:
            Serial.println("EV_JOIN_FAILED");
            break;
        case EV_REJOIN_FAILED:
            Serial.println("EV_REJOIN_FAILED");
            break;
        case EV_TXCOMPLETE:
            Serial.println("EV_TXCOMPLETE (includes waiting for RX windows)");
            if(LMIC.dataLen) {
                // data received in rx slot after tx
                Serial.print("Data Received: ");
                Serial.write(LMIC.frame+LMIC.dataBeg, LMIC.dataLen);
                Serial.println();
            }
            // Schedule next transmission
//          os_setTimedCallback(&sendjob, os_getTime()+sec2osticks(TX_INTERVAL), do_send);
            for (int i=0; i<SLEEP_MIN; i++) {
              // Use library from https://github.com/rocketscream/Low-Power
                LowPower.powerDown(SLEEP_8S, ADC_OFF, BOD_OFF);
            }
            do_send(&sendjob);
            break;
        case EV_LOST_TSYNC:
            Serial.println("EV_LOST_TSYNC");
            break;
        case EV_RESET:
            Serial.println("EV_RESET");
            break;
        case EV_RXCOMPLETE:
            // data received in ping slot
            Serial.println("EV_RXCOMPLETE");
            break;
        case EV_LINK_DEAD:
            Serial.println("EV_LINK_DEAD");
            break;
        case EV_LINK_ALIVE:
            Serial.println("EV_LINK_ALIVE");
            break;
         default:
            Serial.println("Unknown event");
            break;
    }
}
 
void setup() {
    Serial.begin(9600);
    while(!Serial);
    Serial.println("Starting");
    #ifdef VCC_ENABLE
    // For Pinoccio Scout boards
    pinMode(VCC_ENABLE, OUTPUT);
    digitalWrite(VCC_ENABLE, HIGH);
    delay(1000);
    #endif
 
    // LMIC init
    os_init();
    // Reset the MAC state. Session and pending data transfers will be discarded.
    LMIC_reset();
    //LMIC_setClockError(MAX_CLOCK_ERROR * 1/100);
    // Set static session parameters. Instead of dynamically establishing a session
    // by joining the network, precomputed session parameters are be provided.
    #ifdef PROGMEM
    // On AVR, these values are stored in flash and only copied to RAM
    // once. Copy them to a temporary buffer here, LMIC_setSession will
    // copy them into a buffer of its own again.
    uint8_t appskey[sizeof(APPSKEY)];
    uint8_t nwkskey[sizeof(NWKSKEY)];
    memcpy_P(appskey, APPSKEY, sizeof(APPSKEY));
    memcpy_P(nwkskey, NWKSKEY, sizeof(NWKSKEY));
    LMIC_setSession (0x1, DEVADDR, nwkskey, appskey);
    #else
    // If not running an AVR with PROGMEM, just use the arrays directly 
    LMIC_setSession (0x1, DEVADDR, NWKSKEY, APPSKEY);
    #endif
 
    // Disable link check validation
    LMIC_setLinkCheckMode(0);
 
    // TTN uses SF9 for its RX2 window.
    LMIC.dn2Dr = DR_SF9;
 
    // Set data rate and transmit power (note: txpow seems to be ignored by the library)
    LMIC_setDrTxpow(DR_SF7,14);
 
    // Start job
    do_send(&sendjob);
}
 
void loop() {
    os_runloop_once();
}

返信を残す

メールアドレスが公開されることはありません。 * が付いている欄は必須項目です

このサイトはスパムを低減するために Akismet を使っています。コメントデータの処理方法の詳細はこちらをご覧ください